National and international quarantines are critical to minimize the potential of long-distance dissemination. Integrated pest management strategies are needed such as:
- early detection,
- chemical and biological control of the vectors,
- potential chemical control of the Liberibacters using chemical and antibiotic treatments of trees,
- isolation and protection of budwood sources and plant propagation in screened-in, insect-proof locations, and
- development of resistant cultivars.